The Jewel of Mewar, as often referred to by tourists, is the city of Udaipur. It was the capital of Mewar Kingdom till 1818 and later became a princely state under colonial India. Maharana Udai Singh II (04 August 1522 – 28 February 1572) founded his capital here in 1568 when he lost his capital Chittorgarh to the Mughal emperor Akbar the Great. The Mewar dynasty is the world’s oldest surviving dynasty from 26 generations and 1,500 years.
Udaipur is also associated with the names the Venice of East, the City of Lakes, and the Lake City. It has fairy tale palaces, temples, gardens, and azure water lakes. The Aravali hills surround the city.
It is located 403 KM (250 mi) southwest of Jaipur, Rajasthan. The total population of the city is 451,735 in 2011. Maharana Pratap Airport is the main airport located 20 Km from the main town, having IATA code UDR. Its ICAO code is VAUD. Road and Rail connect other cities to Udaipur.
TOURIST DESTINATIONS IN UDAIPUR TOURISM
It is a series of palaces built from 1559 onward. It holds a significant place in Udaipur tourism. Located on the east bank of Pichola Lake, it provides a panoramic view of Jag Niwas from its balconies. Tripolia is the main gate to enter City Palace. Many gardens, courtyards, terraces, corridors, rooms, and hanging gardens were built for this palace in 1725.
LAKE PALACE (FORMERLY KNOWN JAG NIWAS)
Jagat SinghⅡbuilt this palace as his royal summer palace. The Taj chains of hotels and palaces now manage this palace as a luxury hotel. The Lake Palace is one of the most romantic hotels in the world.
JAG MANDIR PALACE (LAKE GARDEN PALACE)
Jag Mandir is located on an island. Amar Singh began its construction, but Jagat Singh Ⅰcompleted it. Situated in Pichola Lake, it was a summer resort and palace for the royal family. Shah Jahan (the Mughal emperor that had built the Taj Mahal) took refuge here once before his coronation. In 1857, it became an asylum for Europeans that Maharana Swaroop Singh locked in the Jag Mandir.
Sajjan Garh Palace is another name for the Monsoon Palace. Maharana Sajjan Singh started the construction. Fateh Singh completed it to observe monsoon (rain) clouds and for rainwater harvesting with a storage capacity of 195,500 liters in the fort.
Jagdish Temple is the largest Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu in Udaipur. It is a major tourist attraction. Maharana Jagat SinghⅠinvested 1.5 million rupees (present-day estimation) to build this temple in 1651.
FATEH SAGAR LAKE
Fateh Sagar Lake is the pride of the city of Udaipur. Maharana Jai Singh originally built this artificial lake in 1687. Later in 1888, Fateh Sign reconstructed it. His Royal Highness the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn laid its foundation stone.
Lake Pichola is one of the most beautiful, largest, and oldest lakes. it has two islands called Jag Niwas and Jag Mandir. It is 3 km wide and 4 km long and this picturesque lake has many Ghats.
Maharana Bhopal Singh built this unique garden which means ‘Saheliyon ki Bari’. This is one of the most beautiful gardens and is a major tourist attraction. Bhopal Singh himself designed Saheliyon-ki-Bari for his queen and her 48 maids who came as part of their marriage dowry.
GULAB BAGH AND ZOO
.Gulab Bagh (‘The Rose Garden‘) is spread over 100 acres of land and is the largest garden in Udaipur. Maharana Sajjan Singh started construction in 1878. The garden is popular for its exceptional variety of roses and lotus ponds and several prominent tree species. It was renamed from Sajjan Niwas Garden to its present name. It has a small zoo that homes black leopards, rhinos and ostriches, zebras, hoolock gibbons, and plenty of other rare species.
BAGORE KE HAVELI
Amir Chand Badwa, the Prime Minister of the Mewar’s Royal Court, built Bagore ke Haveli in the eighteenth century. It has 138 rooms and is the perfect place to discover the royal lifestyle in Mewar.
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