Jaipur tourism is a colorful holiday package for Golden Triangle India’s travelers. Tourists can enjoy their stay at heritage hotels. Jaipur, also called the Pink City, is the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is Asia’s 7th best place to visit as per Conde Nast Traveller Readers Choice Survey in 2008. The hotels tourists can opt for range from cheap, pocket-friendly, 3-star accommodations, to luxurious 5-star hotels. UNESCO World Heritage site Jantar Mantar is located in Jaipur.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II (03 November 1688 to 21 September 1743) was the ruler of Amber. He founded Jaipur on 18 November 1727 and the city was also named after him (Jai–pur).
Japiur was a token of hospitality extended to the Prince of Wales who later become King Edward VII (9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) on his visit to Jaipur. All buildings were painted pink and to date, the front face of all buildings in the older parts of the city is the same color.
Today, Jaipur is a metropolitan city that spreads far and wide on 111.8 square kilometers. The city records temperatures in summer going at a maximum of 45’C and a minimum of 25’C. In winter its temperature goes to a maximum of 22’C and a minimum 5’C. The languages spoken here are English, Hindi, Punjabi, and Rajasthani.
TOURIST DESTINATIONS IN JAIPUR
A Jaipur tour cannot be complete without visiting the Jantar Mantar. It is one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites, built by Sawai Jai Singh II in the early 18th century. The Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observation site and the largest, best preserved among all Jantar Mantar in India. Jantar stands for instrument and Mantar stands for formula or calculation. Now, Jantar Matar draws the foremost number of tourists from golden triangle packages to explore Jaipur.
The central attraction of the tour to Jaipur is the Hawa Mahal. “Hawa Mahal” can be translated as turret of Winds or Palace of the Breeze. It was built with red and pink sandstone for the women of the royal household to view street festivities while remaining unseen from the outside, located on the edge of City Palace and a key site in the Jaipur trip.
Tourists can view the Jal Mahal on the way to Amer. Its name can be translated as the Water Fort located middle of Man Sagar Lake. It appears to be a single-story building. However, its other three floors are submerged in water. Maharaja Madho Singh built the Jal Mahal in 1750. Later, it was enlarged and renovated in the 18th century and now it is a vital tourist site in Jaipur.
In Jaipur tourism, the Jaigarh Fort is an important destination. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II (03 November 1688 to 21 September 1743) in 1726. Red sandstone was used to build the fort, which was named after him (Jaigarh). The Jaigarh Fort is located on Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) of the Aravalli range. Its thick walls are spread over a length of 3 KM.
Jaigarh Fort is home to the world’s largest cannon on wheels “Jaivana.” Jaivana was cast in 1720. Its barrel length is 6.15 m (20.2 ft) and its total weight is 50 tons. The cannon can turn a full, 360° rotation to fire in any direction. Jaivana cannon is an important part of Jaipur tourism. The cannon, too, is named after Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II (Jaivana).
Nahargarh Fort is situated in the Arravalli Hills, built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1734. It was named originally as Sudarshan Garh, but was later renamed to Nahargarh, which means “abode of tigers.” Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II extended the range of the fort in 1868 and it was priced at nearly three and a half lakh rupees at that time. It was the hunting residence for the rulers and now is a popular tourist attraction.
ALBERT HALL MUSEUM
Visiting Albert Hall is a part of the Jaipur tour package. The hall is named after King Edward VII (Albert Edward). It was designed by Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob in 1887. It is the oldest museum in Rajasthan and has a good collection of artifacts like ivory, stone carvings, carpets, paintings, etc.
The City Palace is an important place to visit during a tour of Jaipur. It is located in the center of Jaipur city. It was the official residence of the city ruler, Sawai Jai Singh II, built between 1729 and 1732. Vidyadar Bhattacharya and Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob (14 January 1841 – 04 December 1917) were the architects involved in its construction. The capital shifted from Amber to Jaipur city in 1727 due to a shortage of water and a growing population. A large part of the palace is still reserved for the royal family and the rest of it is made a museum. When the king of Jaipur city is in town, at the top of the Chandra Mahal a flag of the royal family is unfurled. If he is out of the city then the queen’s flag is hoisted instead.
The Tripolia Gate (triple gate) is reserved for the royal family’s entry. Tourists are allowed to enter from Virendra Pol and the Udai Pol or the Atish Pol (Stable Gate).
The architectural style of Mubarak Mahal is inspired by Islamic, Rajput, and European backgrounds. It was built by King Madho Singh II in the late 19th century as a reception center. Today, it is a museum for royal formal costumes.
Chandra Mahal or Chandra Niwas is a seven-storied building and the most commanding palace in the city. Every floor has a specific name, i.e. Sukh Niwas, Ranga Mandir, Pitam Niwas, Chabi Niwas, Shri Niwas and Mukut Mandir or Mukut Maha. Descendents of the former rulers of the city still occupy the majority of this palace. A museum is located on the ground floor, which is the only section of the palace open to visitors.
PITAM NIWAS CHOWK
Pitam Niwas Chowk is a courtyard that has four small gates and provides access to Chandra Mahal. The small gates are known as Ridhi Sidhi Pol and the design and color on these gates represent the four seasons and Hindu gods.
A marble-floored, private audience hall for the king of Jaipur is the Diwan-I-Khas. Two huge sterling silver vessels having a capacity of 4000 liters, 1.6 meters (5.2 ft) in height, and a weight of 340 kilograms (750 lb) are displayed here. These silver vessels are made of 14000 melted silver coins without soldering. These vessels were used to carry water from the Ganga River for Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II, whenever he visited England.
It is a museum for weapons in the present day. However, Maharani Palace was originally was the residence of the royal queens. The sword presented to Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II by Queen Victoria is presented here.
GOVIND DEV JI TEMPLE
This 18th-century temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna. Govind Dev temple has five floors and 953 small windows called jharokhas that are made of red and pink sandstone.
A vital tourist site in the Jaipur tourism package is the Amer Fort. Amer is a small town in the Aravali Hills that covers an area of 4 square kilometers and is located 11 kilometers from Jaipur. Man Singh I (21 December 1550 to July 6, 1614) built the Amer Fort. As per the Superintendent of the Department of Archaeology and Museums report, 5000 tourists visited Amer in a single day.
SURAJ POLE (SUN GATE)
Suraj Pole is the main entry gate that takes you to Jaleb Chowk. It is the first main courtyard where armies hold parades for war bounty and victory celebrations. It is located in the eastern direction towards the rising sun; hence named after Suraj. (‘Suraj’ means ‘Sun.”)
SILA DEVI TEMPLE
Sila Devi temple is a small and elegant templ on the right side of Jaleb Chowk. The idol had been retrieved from the sea and installed by the king after his victory over the king of Jessore in Negal in 1604. The rulers of the city formed a ritual of offering animal (buffalo) sacrifices to the Devi. This ritual was last performed in 1980.
Tripola Gate features three individual gates that open in three directions — one to Jaleb Chowk, the second to Man Singh Palace, and the third opens south to Zenana Deorhi.
The list of tourist attractions in Jaipur does not end here. It is seemingly endless with all the destinations that serve as tourist attraction points.
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